Josep Maria Jujol and the colors of Catalan Modernism

Josep Maria Jujol i Gibert was a Catalan modernist artist contemporary with Puig i Cadafalch, Domènech i Montaner and Antoni Gaudí, among others. Jujol was a close collaborator of Gaudí.

Josep Maria Jujol was born on September 16, 1879, in Tarragona, from where he moved in 1885 to live with his parents in the Vila de Gracia. Since he was a child, drawing was one of his hobbies and his sensitivity to colors was evident. He studied at the School of Architecture in Barcelona between 1901 and 1906, when it was directed by Domènech i Montaner.

The relationship between Josep Maria Jujol and Antoni Maria Gallissà

While he was studying, Jujol collaborated in the elaboration of decorative details with the architect and professor Antoni Maria Gallissà i Soqué, whom he considered his great teacher. Gallissà was a great friend of Puig i Cadafalch, known for his great decorations. One of the colorful majolica designs of Casa de les Punxes is his, in which one can appreciate his great sensitivity to detail and the color that Jujol incorporated into his style.

 

Mayólica Antoni Maria Gallissà

Even before finishing his studies, Josep Maria Jujol started his collaborations with Gaudí in La Pedrera, Casa Batlló or Parque Güell, among others. The young architect was fascinated by Gaudí’s work and put all his enthusiasm into his collaborations with him. The vibrant colors of Casa Batllo’s façade are attributed to Jujol, as well as the design of the balconies of La Pedrera, among others. One of his most famous collaborations is the one with the Park Güell, where the colorful solution of the great undulating bench was the work of Jujol, as well as the soffits and the decoration of the hypostyle room.

 

Mosaico Park Guell Josep Maria Jujol Gaudí

Apart from his close relationship with great modernist architects such as Gallissà or Gaudí, Jujol built a very personal style. This was characterized by great attention to handcrafted details, his religiousness, and the colorism of his works. These characteristics can be seen in one of his most famous works, Can Negre, in Sant Joan Despí.

 

Can Negre Josep Maria Jujol

Throughout his life, Jujol suffered from various chronic ailments, which ended on May 1, 1949 due to an intestinal perforation. The modernist artist was buried in the family niche, with a tombstone he had designed himself.