Domènech i Montaner, the father of Catalan Art Nouveau

Domènech i Montaner was not only a well-known Art Nouveau architect of his time, but also the man in charge of training other great later generations of architects, including Gaudí and Puig i Cadafalch. We could consider that December is a month of great importance for this great protagonist of Catalan Art Nouveau, since both the anniversary of his birth and his death occur in this month. Do you know his figure?

Lluís Domènech i Montaner was born on 21 December 1850 in Barcelona and died on the 27th of the same month and in the same city in 1923. He is known for being one of the most recognized and valued artists of Catalan Art Nouveau. Several of his works currently have the status of World Heritage by UNESCO. He is the author of the Recinte Modernista de Sant Pau, the Casa Lleó Morera and the Palau de la Música Catalana, among other buildings.

After training in architecture and physical-mathematical sciences in his youth, he became a professor at the School of Architecture of Barcelona, of which he became director after several years of teaching, in 1900. It is in this school that he had the opportunity to train disciples as later famous as Gaudí, Puig i Cadafalch or Josep Mª Jujol.

Domènech i Montaner not only had an architectural facet, but also collaborated with various publishing projects. He was a regular contributor to the family business, the Montaner i Simón publishing house through which he created the Historia General del Arte, which was later continued by Josep Puig i Cadafalch. He also founded the magazine El Poble Català and collaborated with the main Catalan publications of the time, such as La Veu de Catalunya and La Renaixença.

Finally, like Puig i Cadafalch, Domènech i Montaner was a very active figure in the politics of his time. The well-known modernist artist was the founder of the Lliga Regionalista (1870) and the Unió Catalanista (1891). He later became a member of the Spanish Parliament in 1901.

Domènech i Montaner had eight children with his wife María Roure i Carnestoltes and died far from his active political life and architectural projects, focused on his historical studies of Catalonia. His works are currently among the most valued in Catalan modernism.


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Art Nouveau Christmas in the centre of Barcelona

It’s Christmas and the Art Nouveau buildings in the centre of Barcelona have a lot to offer its visitors. We present the particularities of Gaudí and Puig i Cadafalch’s constructions for this Christmas:

Casa Batlló, one of Gaudí’s best-known houses, has its traditional snow in the courtyard, during some days in December the snow does not stop falling inside the house… a surprise that leaves visitors frozen!

Casa de les Punxes does not lag in the special Christmas offer, but has attractive proposals. The first of these is the special Christmas promotion for friends and families, which includes for the familiar visits, in addition to the audio tour, the Kit Explora les Punxes for a very special price and dynamized activities for free. This kit is specially designed to energize the visit to the youngest, while they can learn about Casa de les Punxes while having a good time. They may also meet the “Tió” around the house! He likes visits.

Casa de les Punxes’ proposals do not end here, but it also opens its doors to Christmas events. The house allows to celebrate in its interior Christmas dinners with the family or company in its multiple and charismatic spaces.

At Casa Amatller they add to the Christmas atmosphere of the house, turning it into a giant Advent calendar. In addition to this detail of the façade, there is also a crib inside the house that will delight the most fans of the history of Amatller Chocolates.

La Pedrera, another of Gaudí’s well-known jewels, hosts various musical events for all kinds of audiences during the Christmas season. Depending on the dates, concerts of a quite different nature can be found, so almost everyone will be able to find one to their liking.

The Sagrada Familia, symbol and icon of Barcelona, could not fail to celebrate Christmas, one of the most important Catholic festivities. The imposing cathedral will house in its interior the traditional and well-known Mass of the Chicken and in its exterior, it will be able to be enjoyed during some punctual days of a spectacle of lights in the facade.

Casa Vicens, Gaudí’s first house, continues with its classic children’s workshops and proposes a special Christmas workshop linked to the pottery of the house. The little ones will be able to promote their inner child in this way.


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Christmas at les Punxes

Christmas is here! And with it our most special proposal.

At Casa de les Punxes we want you to celebrate Christmas with family or friends. That’s why our December agenda comes with a proposal to make different plans in Barcelona: audioguided visit to Casa de les Punxes for only 6€. In addition, if you come with children, you can visit the house with the Kit Explora les Punxes for and enjoy free dynamic activities!

If you are looking for family plans for this Christmas, the proposal will not leave you indifferent. Create unique moments with family or friends and enjoy Christmas, art and Art Nouveau at Casa de les Punxes.

Actividades

Take advantage of the special promotion for families! Audio-guided visit with free dynamic activities at 6€ until January 6th with the code: NADAL19.

* Free for children under 7.


With the Kit Explora les Punxes, children and adults will learn about the history of the house through a series of dynamic games and observation. Curiosity and illusion will be the keys of the visit. The multisensorial audioguided assembly will submerge you in a world full of imagination. This kit is included for all families with children from 3 to 12 years old.

* Free activity.


The children will discover the house in a fun way thanks to the dynamizing sessions included in our didactic classroom, with which they will go deeper into the iconography of the house and will even be able to take their own Christmas decoration with them.

* Free activity from 12/21/19 to 01/05/20.

Joan Rubió, the forgotten Art Nouveau artist

Joan Rubió i Bellver is a Catalan Art Nouveau architect, his figure is mostly unknown, although he had a close relationship with great figures such as Gaudí. His work, however, speaks of him in many of the streets of Barcelona. Who would not recognize the beauty of Casa Golferichs or Casa Pomar?

Joan Rubió was a contemporary architect of great Art Nouveau artists. Rubió was taught by Domènech i Montaner together with Puig i Cadafalch at the School of Architecture and was later a disciple of Gaudí. He worked with him on some of his best-known projects, for example: the Sagrada Familia, the Casa Batlló, the Parc Güell or the restoration of the Colònia Güell together with Francesc Berenguer, another great collaborator of Gaudí.

At the end of the 19th century, when he left the School of Architecture, he began collaborating with Gaudí, who was already known as an architect at a national level. A few years passed before Rubió began to have his own projects. Casa Canals (1899-1900) is the first known building built by Rubió, followed by the well-known Casa Golferichs (1900-1901). These first two projects are followed by many Art Nouveau constructions scattered throughout Barcelona and other national territories. Some of them have become photogenic settings for those interested in Barcelona’s culture, such as the neo-Gothic bridge at Carrer del Bisbe or Casa Pomar.

 

Joan Rubió was, in addition to an architect, a figure involved in the politics of his time. He was elected alderman by the Lliga Regionalista in November 1905. Puig i Cadafalch was also involved in this formation during similar years, also having an active political life.

Rubió not only took part in politics, but he also took part in various religious associations such as the Cercle Artístic de Sant Lluc or the Associació Espiritual de la Mare de Déu de Montserrat, which brought together different intellectuals of the time with similar ideas. These associations were related to the most important cleric of the time: Josep Torras i Bages, a friend of both Rubió and Gaudí, and were of great importance in defining the conservative Catalanism that characterised the Regionalist League at that time.

Joan Rubió, in short, was a very active figure of his time who wanted to leave his mark, collaborating with great artists and intellectuals of his time in both politics and architecture.

Did you know him?

Source: Solà-Morales Rubió, Ignasi. Joan Rubió i Bellver y la fortuna del gaudinismo. Barcelona: La Gaya Ciencia, 1975. Printed


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Eixample of Barcelona, history and curiosities of the district

Do you know when the construction of the Eixample began? Who designed it? In this post you will find the answer to these questions and some curiosities about this well-known district of Barcelona.

The Eixample has always been known for its square and modern design by Ildefons Cerdà. This urban planner managed to turn an open field into the popular urban grid we know today as Eixample. Cerdà’s uniform design sought to eliminate the differences between the areas inhabited by the wealthiest and the most disadvantaged. He could not achieve this, as the real estate market is governed by its own laws.

We can consider that the Eixample of Barcelona began to be built in 1854, with the governmental authorization of the demolition of the walls of the city. These walls, which had surrounded Barcelona for many years, extended along the Avinguda del Paral·lel, the Passeig de Lluís Companys and along the Ronda de Sant Pau, de Sant Antoni, Universitat and San Pere. Its demolition was neither simple nor immediate, although there was a great deal of citizen collaboration.  The citizens of Barcelona had to wait almost ten years to see the walls demolished, although four years after the process had begun, the Eixample began to be developed.

Granvia de les Corts Catalanes, 1928.

Many of Cerdà’s forecasts were modified as the construction of the Eixample progressed, especially from 1880, when the modernist architects came into play and built the iconic and distinctive modernist houses. Great architects soon erected their buildings in the new and promising district. Casa Batlló, La Pedrera and Casa de les Punxes are just some of those that can be visited today. The best known are those belonging to the illustrious architect of the Sagrada Familia: Antoni Gaudí. Even so, there are great jewels by other architects such as Lluís i Domènech or Puig i Cadafalch in the Eixample such as Casa Amatller Casa Lleó i Morera or Casa de les Punxes. The latter, the work of Puig i Cadafalch, stands monumental and majestically in the middle of Avinguda Diagonal, although most of these buildings are concentrated in Passeig de Gràcia, one of the main streets of the Eixample and the main residential centre of the high bourgeoisie at the end of the 19th century.

Source: Paris, Jordi (Cord.) Ruta del Modernisme de Barcelona. Barcelona: IMPUiQV, 2005. Printed.

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Art Nouveau family visit, another way to discover Barcelona

There are several modernist buildings in the center of Barcelona that have activities or visits specially designed for families or children. If you are looking for family plans linked to the Catalan culture, pick up paper and pencil!

Casa Vicens, Antoni Gaudí‘s first building, is one of the modernist buildings offering regular family activities in Barcelona.  Thanks to these, the little ones can enjoy the building in their own way. They are sure to have a great time taking out their interior painter or architect!


Another modernist building that doesn’t forget to think of small artists is Casa de les Punxes. This iconic building by Puig i Cadafalch has occasional family workshops such as the one to be held on 10 November or those held at the end of the month at the Saló de Famílies Nombroses de Catalunya. The real strength of Casa de les Punxes lies in the free complement it offers children during family visits, the Kit Explora les Punxes, a booklet of activities with which young and old can learn about Casa de les Punxes while having a good time.

In addition, the house has an extensive school program with various activities ranging from different workshops to guided tours. The didactic proposal of Casa de les Punxes bets on offering an approach to the artistic and historical patrimony of Catalonia. To this end, it uses activities aimed at children and young people that encourage the acquisition of habits and values to solve problems and situations, seeking to compromise all areas of the curriculum.  In addition to the dynamic and participative visit to the building, there are also activities on the origin and evolution of the legend of Sant Jordi, on the ornamental elements of the Casa de les Punxes, on its architect or on its historical and artistic context.


The well-known symbol of Barcelona designed by Antoni Gaudí, the Sagrada Familia, also thinks about how to please small visitors. The proposal for children’s activities in the Sagrada Familia has been changing over time in recent years, but what is clear is that the Sagrada Familia, like Casa de les Punxes, currently offers occasional children’s workshops.


Another house that joins the family plans is Casa Amatller. This house offers different family activities that delight the youngest, literally… some of them involve chocolate!


Finally, Casa Batlló, Antoni Gaudí’s emblematic building, also has its own activity focused on the family public, consisting of a special visit where the children and the history of the house are the protagonists.


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Castillo de Neuschwanstein

Puig i Cadafalch, with the Casa Terradas creates an urban castle with Wagnerian and medieval resonances in a unique space throughout the Eixample that became a symbol of what the architect wanted to make of Catalonia: a nation aware of its past and open to progress and novelties from abroad.

Casa Terradas or Casa de les Punxes, is one of the most monumental works of Puig i Cadafalch. This is known for being the most complex of its works projected at the beginning of the 20th century, not only for its monumentality but also for the great elaboration, attention and number of details. Puig i Cadafalch wanted to design a house that would stand out above all the others in the Eixample and he did it.

Casa de les Punxes is singular even from its sitting. Atypical and with an irregular hexagonal shape between the streets of Bruc and Rosselló and the Avinguda Diagonal, this plot of land made it possible to design a large isolated building, a rare occurrence in Barcelona’s new Eixample. The challenge was solved by the architect arranging the three doors of entrance of the buildings to the Diagonal Avenue and framing them with two towers of different measures and forms.

It is in this curious location that the monumental building stands, reminiscent of the incredible Neuschwanstein castle. This well-known German castle was a tribute of Luis II to the operas of Wagner. It is one of the most photographed castles in Germany and is the product of a mixture of architectural styles (mostly neo-Gothic and neo-Romanesque) that provide a surprising aesthetic to the great building. His style moves away from all functionality to emphasize innovation and aesthetic experience. Casa de les Punxes draws on these Wagnerian influences and makes them its own in its six towers.

Castillo de Neuschwanstein
Neuschwanstein’s castle

Neuschwanstein’s is not the last of Puig i Cadafalch’s influences in Casa de les Punxes. According to the studies of the art historian Santiago Alcolea, it is very probable that the architect was influenced in his projection by the medieval castle of Pierrefonds, in France. This castle was restored by E. E. Viollet-le-Duque at the request of Napoleon III shortly before the birth of Puig i Cadafalch. Its structure based on a polygonal floor plan and circular towers with a conical roof responds to a functional and defensive design. This is the structure that can be found in Casa de les Punxes but with purely aesthetic purposes.

Castillo de Pierrefonds

The Casa de les Punxes is a large unitary block containing three buildings. In its six facades, it has a stone base that reaches up to the height of the ground floor. The upper parts are made of exposed brick, of a reddish tone. The grandstands on the main façades stand out for their levels with white stone squares covered with vegetal decoration. These do not follow the hierarchy of levels of the Eixample, but this situation is resolved by means of the interspersed balconies, which do respect it. The façades are crowned by triangular themes, the central vertex of which is occupied by a ceiling with different symbologies on the owners of the house, a sundial and the figure of Saint George with the controversial phrase: Saint patron saint of Catalonia, give us back our freedom. These triangular themes and the characteristic shape of its towers are what give the house its well-known nickname.

We could conclude that Puig i Cadafalch, with the Casa Terradas creates an urban castle with Wagnerian and medieval resonances in a unique space throughout the Eixample that became a symbol of what the architect wanted to make of Catalonia: a nation aware of its past and open to progress and novelties from abroad.

Source: Alcolea y Gil, Santiago y  Manent, Ramon. Puig i Cadafalch. Barcelona: Lunwerg Editores, 2006. Printed.


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Have you ever wondered which houses are essential that you must see them in your visit to Barcelona? We bring you a selection of modernist houses in Barcelona that you must add to your essential checklist.

Casa Batlló

Located at number 43 Passeig de Gràcia, Casa Batlló does not leave the walker indifferent. Its lively colors and meticulous decoration invite you to visit it. This house is one of the works of the naturist period of Antoni Gaudí and one of his best-known works.

La Pedrera

Built between 1906 and 1912, La Pedrera is another of the icons of Passeig de Gràcia. It also belongs to the naturalistic period of the famous architect, as we can see from the decorative motifs on its façade. The marine motifs stand out in its colorful decoration.

Casa Vicens

Casa Vicens stands out for being the first house designed by Antoni Gaudí in Barcelona. This house was built between 1883 and 1885 and is considered one of the first works to inaugurate Art Nouveau in Catalonia.

Casa de les Punxes

Casa de les Punxes, revolutionary both artistically and technically, is the great work of Puig i Cadafalch. Located in the heart of Barcelona, between La Pedrera and La Sagrada Familia, it is a key piece for understanding Catalan Art Nouveau. Its monumentality is unparalleled, it contains three houses in a single building with multiple floors.

Casa Felip

The least known and most sober of the five, Casa Felip by the architect Telmo Fernández Janot, was built between 1911 and 1913. Its style is considered modernist with “baroque” flavors. A small jewel as unknown as it is surprising.

Do you know other houses that you think are essential in a visit to Barcelona?


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Kit Explora les Punxes

How was the Casa de les Punxes built? Who was Puig i Cadafalch? Which family does the order of its construction? With the Kit Explora les Punxes, children and adults will learn about the history of the house through a series of dynamic games and observation. Curiosity and illusion will be the keys to the visit. The multi-sensorial audio-guided assembly will submerge you in a world full of imagination. This kit is included in the self-guided visit for all families with children from 3 to 12 years.

Casa de les Punxes

The spectacular building – revolutionary in both artistic and technical terms – is one of the most iconic structures in Barcelona and an important key to understand Catalan modernism. In 1975, it was given National Historic Landmark status due to its enormous historical, heritage and architecture value.

On a privileged site, is just a 5 minutes walk from Casa Milà-La Pedrera and 10 minutes walk from Casa Batlló and Sagrada Familia, the Casa de les Punxes was built in the early 20th Century by Josep Puig i Cadafalch, who alongside Antoni Gaudí and Lluis Domenech i Muntaner, is considered to be one of the most important architects of Catalan modernism.

Why You Should Visit?

  1. The roof terrace. Hiding in the very centre of Barcelona, the enigmatic and rather secret roof terrace is one of the most impressive spaces in the Casa de les Punxes.
  2. Beyond Gaudí. Meet the hidden modernism of Barcelona.
  3. Cultural offer. Rediscover the Catalan Modernisme with a live concert or a glass of cava at sunset, are some of our proposals.
  4. No rush! Enjoy the house with all the time neded.
  5. Located within the Modernist Route


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Did you know that Puig i Cadafalch had a great political personality? Not only because of his well-known Catalanism, but also on a local scale. The well-known modernist architect was an active figure in the politics of his time, we will show you why and how.

From a young age, Puig i Cadafalch was opposed to the unifying design standards of the Eixample in Barcelona and showed it in many different ways:

One of them, and perhaps the most noticeable, was the construction of some of his striking buildings, which stand out with the uniformity of their surroundings. An example of this could perfectly be the monumental Casa de les Punxes. 

Another way, no less important at the time, was his articles around 1900 in the prolific Catalan newspaper La Veu de Catalunya, where he expressed his discontent with the measures approved by the local government.

Because of this discontent and other personal motivations, the young Puig i Cadafalch decided to become an active part of the politics around him. In 1901, he became councillor in Barcelona City Council, coinciding with his publications in La Veu de Catalunya and the construction of his great work: the Casa de les Punxes.

Puig i Cadafalch was not enough content with his participation in municipal politics, so he went further. In 1907, Puig i Cadafalch began his activity as a parliamentarian in Madrid of Solidaritat Catalana, a unitary movement made up of groups and parties from Catalonia that existed between 1906 and 1909.

It was not until 1913 that Puig i Cadafalch’s political life took a broader and more transcendental direction. In that year, he became a representative of the Catalanist formation Lliga Regionalista and a firm defender of the Mancomunitat de Catalunya, still in formation. The Mancomunitat was a Catalan institution that existed between 1914 and 1925 to which the four councils of Catalonia ceded their powers. Among other achievements, this organism managed to elaborate the well-known Project Of Statute Of Autonomy Of Catalonia (1919). In 1917, Puig i Cadafalch became a member of the Consell Permanent de la Diputació. That same year, after the death of Prat de la Riba, he became president of the Consell de la Mancomunitat until 1924. The division and erosion of Catalanist parties in conflict with the interests of the Spanish government, as well as the dissolution of the Mancomunitat by Primo de Rivera in 1925, marked the decline of the political activity of the great modernist architect. Although he kept his militancy in the Regionalist League, he participated in a more reduced and discreet way.

Puig i Cadafalch, in short, realised that with his work as an architect and historian alone, he would not have enough to transform his surroundings and therefore took an active part in the politics of his time, transgressing not only his facet as an architect and historian, but complementing these with his political aspirations.

Source: Alcolea i Gil, Santiago y Manent, Ramon. Puig i Cadafalch. Barcelona: Lunwerg Editores, 2006. Print.


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