10 modernist artists you should know about

Almost everyone knows the great modernist architects such as Gaudí, Domènech i Montaner or Puig i Cadafalch but not so many know the great painters, sculptors and other artists who worked with them or on their own great works. Today we share with you a selection of 10 Catalan artists of Catalan modernism that you should know.

1 Lluís Domènech i Montaner

Domènech i Montaner was not only a well-known modernist architect of his time, but also responsible for the training of other great architects of his time such as Gaudí and Puig i Cadafalch. He is known as one of the most famous and valued artists of Catalan Modernism, and several of his works have been catalogued as World Heritage by UNESCO. He is the author of buildings such as the modernist enclosure of Sant Pau, the Lleó Morera house and the Palau de la Música Catalana. 

2 Ramón Casas

Ramón Casas is one of the most famous modernist painters, especially for his well-known portraits of prominent figures. Among those who passed through his brushes, we can find Pablo Picasso, Puig i Cadafalch and Santiago Rusiñol. Ramón Casas i Carbó was born in Barcelona on January 4, 1866. He is known as one of the great painters of Catalan modernism for his various creations. From portraits to posters, postcards and even comics, they all form part of his work. Through his work, we can better understand the life of the early 20th century and its great artists.

3 Josep Llimona i Bruguera

Josep Llimona i Bruguera is one of the most famous sculptors of Catalan modernism and a famous collaborator of Gaudí. Josep Llimona is considered one of the main representatives of modernist sculpture. Among his prolific works, one of his most outstanding is “Desconsuelo”, which won an honorary prize at the Barcelona International Art Exhibition in 1907. He also collaborated with Gaudí in Montserrat to create the sculpture “Cristo ressucitat”. In 1920 the entire room of the Barcelona Art Exhibition was dedicated to him in homage. A few years later, he created the statue of St. George, considered one of his masterpieces.

4 Antoni Maria Gallissà

Antoni Maria Gallissà is an important modernist architect, a close friend of Josep Puig i Cadafalch and a regular collaborator of Lluís Domènech i Montaner. One of his most famous and well-known architectural works is the Casa Llopis Bofill in Barcelona. As for Gallissà, despite being an architect, it must be said that he also stood out a lot in the design of decorative elements. 

5 Josep Maria Jujol

Josep Maria Jujol i Gibert was a Catalan modernist artist and a regular collaborator of Gaudí.

During his studies, Jujol worked with architect and professor Antoni Maria Gallissà i Soqué (he was considered a great teacher) to carefully design decorative details. Josep Maria Jujol had not even finished his studies when he started working with Gaudí in places like La Pedrera, Casa Batlló or Park Güell. Besides maintaining a close relationship with great modernist architects such as Gallissa or Gaudí, Jujol also created a very personal style. He is characterized by his great attention to detail, his religious decorations and the colorism of his works.

6 Antoni Gaudí

Can anything new be said about the great architect of nature? Who does not know his work? We can tell you a couple of curiosities that not everyone knows. For example, Gaudí almost never designed his works on plans, but rather on three-dimensional models in full detail. This way, collaborators could see it as he had projected it in his mind. Another detail that we confess is that the famous technique of “trencadís” that we can see in his work, was invented by himself and was used for the first time in the construction of the Güell estate.

7 Josep Puig i Cadafalch

The young Puig i Cadafalch was one of Domènech i Montaner’s disciples. He is considered one of the last representatives of Catalan modernism and one of the first representatives of Noucentisme. His works are usually divided into three periods: modernist, idealist, rationalist and memorialist. During his modernist period, he created famous works such as Casa Amatler, Casa Martí or one of his most famous works: Casa Terradas or Casa de les Punxes.

8 Pere Caselles

Pere Caselles i Tarrats was a very important modernist architect for Reus. When he was young he was an assistant to Domènech i Montaner and discovered architectural modernism directly in collaboration with the Pere Mata Institute. Most of the modernist buildings in Reus are attributed to Caselles, although not all were signed by him. As a municipal architect, he was not allowed to accept private commissions because it was considered incompatible.Many of his plans were signed by his friend, also an architect, Pau Monguió.

9&10 IIsidre Gili and Pau Salvat

These are not one, but two modernist architects who projected much of their work together.

A curious fact about Isidre Gili and Moncunill is that not all their work is in Catalonia, but they also have it in Logroño. His works in Barcelona are of small dimensions.  Most of his work can be found in Igualada. In this city he began to design projects with Pau Salvat and later they would also design in Lleida.

Pau Salvat was not only a great modernist architect, but he was also an editor, specifically of Salvat Editors, the publishing house he inherited from his father.

Salvat was the municipal architect of Igualada, where he designed several buildings with Gili.

Isidre Gili and Pau Salvat met for a few years in Igualada and later in Lleida and designed emblematic buildings in both cities.

What did you think? Did you know all these modernist artists? If you are still curious and want to know more, click on their name to discover our articles about them.